Bài 37: Thì quá khứ đơn (The simple past tense)
- Bài 27: Pronunciation patterns of Phrasal verbs
- Bài 28. Embedded Questions
- Bài 29: Wish and hope - Common mistakes in English (part 3)
- Bài 30: Wish and hope - Common mistakes in English (part 4)
- Bài 31: Đại từ trong tiếng Anh (Pronouns in English)
- Bài 32: This, that, these and those
- Bài 33: Tính từ trong tiếng anh mô tả danh từ (Ajectives in English describe nouns)
- Bài 34: Dạng so sánh hơn nhất của tính từ (The superlative form of adjectives)
- Bài 35: Dạng so sánh hơn kém cho tính từ (The comparative form for adjectives)
- Bài 36: So sánh kép (Double comparative)
- Bài 38: Thì quá khứ đơn - phần 2 (The simple past tense - part 2)
- Bài 39: The past tense song - You needed Me by Anne Murray
- Bài 40: Thì quá khứ đơn (The simple past tense - part 3)
- Bài 41: Thì quá khứ và thì hiện tại hoàn thành (The past tense and the present perfect)
- Bài 42: Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn (The past continuous)
- Bài 43: Thì quá khứ hoàn thành (The past perfect tense)
- Bài 44: Thì tương lai sử dụng
- Bài 45: Thì tương lai hoàn thành (The future perfect tense)
- Bài 46: Phát âm cho động từ có quy tắc ở thì quá khứ (Pronunciation of Past Tense Regular Verbs)
- Bài 47: Động từ khuyết thiếu trong ngữ pháp tiếng Anh
The simple past tense 3a
Basic English Grammar. Lesson 3
Topic: The simple past tense
Part 1: Recognizing and Understanding the Simple Past Tense
Watch and Listen!
I want something to eat. Uhm maybe candy. Oh I take one piece. Yeah. Oh there’s an apple.
Ok I put it back and I only eat the apple, not the candy
The following text describes what you saw in the video. Can you find all the verbs in the simple past tense?
What happened in the video?
Jennifer was at the kitchen table. She wanted to eat something.
First, she thought about eating candy. She opened the candy jar in front of her and took out a piece.
Now take a moment and try to find the verbs in the simple past tense.
Do you see them? Here they are: happened, was, wanted, thought, opened, took.
Let’s go on the second half of the text.
Then she looked at the apple. In the end, she didn’t eat the candy. She put it back and ate the apple. That was a good choice.
As before, I want you to find the verbs and the simple past tense.
Do you see them? Let me show you
The verbs in the simple past are looked, didn’t eat, put, ate, was.
How did you do? Were you able to find out them all?
Don’t worry if you found the first exercise a little difficult.
I’m going to show you all the forms that the simple past tense can use
Then in the future it will be easier for you to recognize it.
So now let's turn our attention to the forms and meanings of the simple past tense.
We look at the verb “to be”, regular verbs and irregular verbs
In the simple past tense, the verb “to be” has two forms: WAS and WERE
WAS is used with singular nouns, uncountable nouns, and the pronouns I, she, he and it.
I was hungry.
She was in the kitchen.
There was candy in the jar. Candy is an example of an uncountable noun.
The apple was a good choice. This is an example of a singular noun.
WERE is used with plural nouns, compound subjects, and the pronouns you, we, and they.
Examples: You were hungry.
The apple and candy were on the table. Apple and candy being a compound subject.
There were many pieces of candy in the jar. Pieces is an example of plural noun
We often use the verb “to be” in the simple past tense to tell about a past event, state, or condition.
Examples: Jennifer was at the kitchen table
She was hungry.
All of these happened in the past. All of these were true in the past. I'm telling you about my vacation and how I was feeling.
I was at the kitchen table. I was hungry.
Ok now that’s we covered the verb “to be”, we’re going to talk about all the other verbs.
We’ll group them into: regular verbs and irregular verbs.
In the simple past, regular verbs end in “-ed”. Can you identify the regular verbs from the text?
There are six verbs highlighted in orange. Can you find the 3 regular verbs?
They are wanted, opened and looked
These verbs are easier to recognize and you want to know the spelling rules
Here are the spelling rules for forming regular verbs:
Rule 1: Add “-ed” to a verb that ends in a consonant:
Example: want ends in “t”. So we get wanted. Look ends in “k”. So we have looked.
Rule 2: If a verb ends in consonant-vowel-consonant, double the last consonant before adding “-ed”.
Stop is a good example. It ends in “top”, consonant- vowel- consonant. So we’re going to double the “p” and then add “ed”. And we get stopped.
There are a couple of exceptions to rule number 2.
First, don’t double the consonants w, x, y. For example in “fix” we only write one x.
The second exception is words unstressed syllable. Don’t double the last consonant if the last syllable is unstressed
For example, in “open”. The stress is on the first syllable. So you do not double the “n”
Rule 3: Add only “-d” to a verb that ends in “e”.
For example, we add “d” to “like” and get “liked”.
Rule 4: If a verb ends in “y”, change the “y” to an “i” and then add “-ed”.
For example: the verb “carry”. Before we add “ed”, we change the “y” to an “i” and then we get carried
There’s one exception to rule 3:
That’s when a vowel before “y”. For example in “play”, we have “a” before “y”. We will not change the “y” to an “i”. We simply add “ed”: played
Now look at the irregular verbs from the text. Can you identify the infinitive for each verb?
Example: Jennifer was at the kitchen table. What is the infinitive? To be
Now it is your turn.
Number 1: She thought about eating candy. The infinitive? To think
2. She took out the piece. The infinitive? To take
3. She put it back in the jar. The infinitive? To put
4. She ate the apple. What’s the infinitive? To eat
Now irregular verbs can be tricky. There are lots to remember. Most grammar books have a list of irregular verbs in the back.
You can also look online; just do a search in the key word: irregular verbs in English.
End of Part 1. Please go on to the next part of this lesson